Maksym Kharchenko

Maksym Kharchenko - Freight market analyst





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2015 Bachelor’s Degree of “Management”, Faculty of Management and Marketing, National Technical University of Ukraine “Kiev Polytechnic Institute” 2015-2016 “Społeczna Akademia Nauk”, Logistyka. Warszawa.

Analyst's publications:


Ukraine. Christmas surprises from Ukrzaliznytsia


In late November, Ukrzaliznytsia announced plans to increase freight rates for railway transportation by 16.6% from February 01, 2019 and by 2.5% from May 01, August 01 and November 01, 2019. Thus, in 2019, railway tariff will grow by 24.1%, which stands out significantly from previous years, without consideration of 2015, when the national currency devalued the most, reports UkrAgroConsult.

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WEF assessed competitive strength of the Black Sea transport infrastructure


Beginning from 1979, the World Economic Forum (WEF) publishes the global competitive strength rating annually, which is based on open source data and takes into account expert opinion from more than 100 countries of the world, reports UkrAgroConsult.

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How will the Azov Sea ship blockade affect grain exports?


The canal providing passage for vessels that sail from the Azov Sea is temporarily blocked since November 25.

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How Azov Sea grain handling changed after the imposition of restrictions


In the beginning of the 2017/18 agricultural season, navigation in the Kerch Strait was restricted because of the construction of a bridge linking the Crimean and Taman peninsulas.

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Ukraine. Logistics of agricultural commodities in January-April 2018


Grain handling for exports lag behind the last year's pace

According to SE "Ukrainian Sea Port Authority", in January-April 2018, grain handling for exports in seaports of the country decreased 6.5%, compared to the same period last year to 12.9 MMT.

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2018 may become a turning point for Ukrainian rivers


No secret that Ukrainian rivers have a great potential in the cargo transportation sector. The volume of basic cargo, which is generated in regions close to the Dnieper River, allows estimating possible cargo base at 60 MMT per year. Whereas now the total cargo traffic of inland waterway transport is only 8 MMT.

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Romania. Constanta port reduced handling of agricultural products in 2017


In 2017, Romania's largest port was unable to set a new handling record and ceased the growth of grain transshipment, which lasted for five years in a row.

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Ukraine. Railroad transportation in 2017 - grain strengthens its positions


According to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, in 2017 railway transportation decreased 1.4%, compared to 2016. It is worth noting that among the main cargos, only transportation of construction materials and grain improved.

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Baltic Dry Index: 2017 – year of freight rate growth


When Baltic Freight Index set an anti-record at 290 points in February 2016, the global bulk shipping market began to improve gradually. During the last trading session of 2017, BDI settled at 1366 points, which looks much more impressive than 961 points over the same period in 2016. Since July, the cost of transportation of almost all types of dry bulk cargo has increased, and Baltic freight index grew to its high over the last 4 years.

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Ukraine. Vegetable oils handling sets an absolute record


According to the State Enterprise "Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority", during January-November 2017, grain handling for exports in seaports of the country increased 3.9%, compared to the same period last year to 36.2 MMT against 34.8 MMT. In December 2016, grain handling reached record high 4.4 MMT, which is unlikely to be broken this year.

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WEF raises port infrastructure estimate of Black Sea countries


The quality of port infrastructure is an important factor for the Black Sea countries, because the main grain export flows pass through sea gates. In 2017, WEF raised port estimates for all leading agro-exporting countries of the Black Sea region.

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Ukraine. Grain handling for exports keeps falling, while oil handling approaches record high


According to the SE "Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority", during January-October 2017, grain handling for exports from the country’s seaports increased by 6.2%, compared to the same period last year to 32.8 MMT against 30.9 MMT.

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Ukrainian grain export by railroad on verge of collapse again?


According to information received by UkrAgroConsult, market participants are increasingly facing difficulties in grain export by railroad. The main problems remain the same as last year – lack of available grain hoppers, locomotives and possible risk of diesel fuel shortage. The head of Ukrainian Ministry of Infrastructure, Vladimir Omelyan, expressed concerns about Ukrzaliznytsia’s fuel shortage informing that diesel fuel stocks of Lviv Railway were enough for half a day, other railway units had fuel for around 2-4 days of work.

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Russia. Far Eastern grain handling ambition


Today, there is no specialized terminal for grain handling in the Far East of Russia, and all sea export shipments are carried out through Vladivostok Commercial Sea Port by the direct handling from grain hoppers to vessels.

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“Ukrzaliznytsia” raises grain transportation rates


The epic with the increase in tariffs for railroad transportation approached its final. Since February 2017, the tariff increase was postponed by the Ministry of Infrastructure or blocked by the State Regulatory Service, and that time was used for negotiations between “Ukrzaliznytsia” and business in order to reach a consensus.

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Sunflower oil exports from Novorossiysk


Russia ranks second after Ukraine in the world production and trade of sunflower oil with the shares of 24% and 19% respectively. In recent years, record high sunflower seed production in Russia has triggered the increase in crushing for exports. In the 2016/17 season, sunflower oil exports reached about 2 MMT, most of which (1.6 MMT) passed through the country's seaports.

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Ukrainian ports take course to competitive recovery


This year Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority plans to allocate UAH 3.9 billion to finance maritime industry projects. In 2017, the budget for capital investments has been increased by 700% compared to the previous year. The lion's share of resources will be directed to dredging - UAH 1.74 billion, which equals 44% of the overall amount of capital investments, reports UkrAgroConsult.

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Ukraine. Is railway ready for the new season?


Railway has been always the main channel for delivering export grain to Ukrainian ports, and after the introduction of weight control on roads in spring 2016, the role of railroad transportation in grain logistics has increased even more. Cost-effective distances for agricultural cargoes decreased to 150 kilometers, compared to railway transportation, which means that grain logistics of Ukraine is still dependent on a giant-monopolist “Ukrzaliznytsia”.

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Ukraine. Growth of handling capacities amid exports stagnation


In recent years a surge of interest in construction and development of grain handling has been noted against the backdrop of high gross crop and reduction in flows of other cargo types in Ukrainian ports.

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Ukraine. Grain handling continues to grow in the first quarter of 2017


According to Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, in the first quarter of 2017, the country’s seaports handled 10.5 MMT of grain, which appeared to be 18.1% more than during the same period last year. Already now we can say that in 2016/17 grain exports will become record high for Ukraine. In general, total handling reached 32.5 MMT over the 3 months, reports UkrAgroConsult.

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Waterway E-40: myth or real opportunity?


While the parliament adopts the Law “On inland water transport”, and the Ministry of Infrastructure looks for ways to reduce transportation cost on “New Silk Road” through Ukraine, UkrAgroConsult suggests recalling the idea of creating waterway E-40. This idea is not a new one, and it has been under discussion since at least 2011. E-40 is a shipping route with a length of more than two thousand kilometers. This path should connect the Baltic and Black Seas, passing through the territories of Poland, Belarus and Ukraine.

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Ukraine. Growth of tariffs will not reduce grain hoppers deficit


In 2017 the Government plans to raise cargo transportation tariffs by 25%. Ukrainian Railways explained this step by increased prices for material resources, fuel, electricity and the necessity to invest in the rolling stock. This triggered a series of discussions among shippers.

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Silk Road. Race hasn’t started yet but it’s already lost?


On January 18, the direct container train from China arrived to cargo railway station in London for the first time ever. The PRC once again demonstrated its interest in European markets expansion. The route Yiwu-London went through 7 countries: Kazakhstan, Russia, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France. It is noted that London became the 15th city that received the direct rail link with China within the project "New Silk Road" through the Trans-Siberian Railway. During 18 days the train covered the distance of 12 thousand kilometers, while the standard container transporting cost equaled USD 4,600.

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Ukrainian ports handled more grain than ore


According to Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, in 2016 131.746 MMT of cargos were handled in Ukrainian seaports, which was 8.8% less than in 2015. That was caused by considerable reduction of ore (-22.6%), coal (-32.9%) and ferrous metals (-8.5%) turnover, reports UkrAgroConsult.

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