Svetlana Malysh

S malyshSvetlana Malyshfreight market analyst at "UkrAgroConsult" (2008).


Svetlana specializes in the study of the global dry bulk market, particularly in the sector of grain transportation by sea and infrastructure development of the grain market of the Black Sea region (Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan).




Education - Higher, Dnepropetrovsk State University (1997).


Analyst's publications:


Crimea: grain exports despite sanctions


Despite international sanctions and various constraints, foreign vessels continue to enter the Crimea to carry out foreign trade operations, including grain exports. This situation is likely to continue in future.

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Ukraine. Importance of Dnieper River infrastructure development


US Army Corps of Engineers conducted a technical inspection of Ukrainian river transportation system on Dnieper and highly recommended the Ukrainian Government to implement new strategies of river transportation management, which would increase its efficiency. In general, both Dnieper and river transportation system are regarded as vital factors for further Ukrainian economy development.

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Ukrainian silos modernized and moving to north-west


Despite difficult economic conditions in the grain market, in recent years Ukrainian farmers have increasingly focused attention on construction or modernization of their own storage facilities.

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Ukrainian Azov ports regain attractiveness for exporters


Dredging and navigation conditions improvement in Ukrainian Azov basin can make the region’s ports attractive for grain exporters again.

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Grain transportation by trucks in Ukraine


In Ukraine poor roads condition is traditionally associated with weight control violation during carriage of different cargo types. It should be noted that increase of grain transportation volumes by trucks with substantial overload contributed to aggravation of road conditions problem.

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Ukrainian ports: Focus on raw materials


The analysis of cargo turnover dynamics in Ukrainian seaports shows that basic focus of cargo base in port sector keeps shifting in direction of raw bulk cargo such as ore and grain. This trend shows the overall situation in Ukrainian economy.

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Black Sea countries extend influence on global grain market


Black Sea countries are focused on further grain exports increase, which is evidenced by a number of projects for modernization of existing facilities and construction of new terminals in ports. This is contributed by competitive prices for Black Sea grain and record high exports in the current season.

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Ukrainian logistics: Who will win the contest for export grain


For the second consecutive year Ukraine attempts to structure the road transportation sector. Like the previous year, there is an assumption that implementation of radical restrictive measures for grain transportation by road may cause changes in transportation structure for exports, in particular, in favor of river transport.

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Foreign fleet on Ukrainian Dnieper: Pros and cons


Interest of cargo owners in river transportation in Ukraine and gradual increase in shipments volume, particularly grain crops, raised the fleet issue. Significant age of available tonnage and its high deterioration may become the basis for engaging vessels under foreign flags in Ukrainian waterways.

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Prospects for grain transportation by river in Ukraine


Currently Ukraine has developed river infrastructure and sufficient cargo potential for grain transportation by inland waterways. Moreover, the agricultural sector has the most developed river infrastructure compared to other industries and has become a driver for development of shipping logistics in the whole. But the existing potential is used inefficiently. Current trends and prospects of agricultural production give reason to expect further active development of this transportation segment.

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Ukraine. Railway sector relies on grain


PJSC "Ukrainian Railways" expects to maintain positive trends in the transport sector in 2016 against the background of improving macroeconomic environment.

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Black Sea region: Will logistical system ensure handling of increased export cargo traffic?


Black Sea countries are considered to be almost the only ones in the world, which have an opportunity to further increase grain export capacity by means of cultivated area expansion and improvement of productivity. Will the existing logistical system of Black Sea countries ensure handling of increased export cargo traffic?

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Transformation of cargo traffic in Russia – forced measures or trend?


In 2015 cargo traffic system through the ports of Russia transformed. Due to changes of the external economic policy, Baltic countries oriented to processing of imported goods expectedly reduced cargo turnover rates.

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Ukrainian barriers for foreign investments


Investment conditions in Ukraine are not favorable. The situation with development of grain handling capacities in seaports is the most representative: several large trading companies claim to bureaucratic delays in implementation of projects for construction of specialized grain terminals in Ukrainian seaports. As a result, Ukraine may lose its attractiveness among international investors.

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Amber Road lies through Carpathians. Is Ukraine included?


Globalization of the transportation system leads to development of multiple routes to deliver goods from one location to another. This also happens to delivery of goods from China to Europe, where in addition to the New Silk Road, with stretches through Ukraine, there is an alternative delivery – bypassing Ukraine. In fact, these two routes are competitors.

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Ukrainian ports need flexibility


For several years Ukraine has been following the course on improving the competitiveness of its seaports. Attracting new vessels, which dimensions are constantly increasing, is one of the ways to reach the target. However, dredging, conducted for 3 consecutive years in Ukrainian ports, and deregulation processes in the port industry have not produced the expected effect yet.

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North African countries invest in grain infrastructure development


Following increased export potential as well as sea shipment capacities of grain-producing countries, some importers began investing in port infrastructure development.

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How much does it cost to build a silo in Ukraine?


Ukraine’s difficult economic situation led to an increase of construction and installation costs. This had a negative impact on building of new storage capacities. At the same time, market operators note some reduction of silo construction cost in Ukraine.

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Raise? Railway tariffs question still undecided in Ukraine


Like last year, Public Joint Stock Company “Ukrainian Railway” insists on raising railway tariffs again, while service users insist on transportation cost transparency and open dialogue between business and government. In general, the problem of state-owned companies’ management effectiveness remains unresolved in Ukraine.

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Kazakhstan: On road between East and West


As UkrAgroConsult published earlier, geopolitical transformation observed in the Black Sea region over the last 2 years, has changed existing logistic routes of goods delivery.

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Intermarium project – connection between Black and Baltic Seas


Geopolitical events which develop in the Black Sea region have ceased to be local and reached the continental level affecting many Eurasian countries. Forecasts of American agency Stratfor for the next decade promise considerable changes in global configuration. Further trade positions and foreign economic relations strengthening is expected in the Black Sea region.

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Grain shipments from Black Sea ports set new record


Summarizing 2015 results, Black Sea ports in grain exporting countries increased grain handling to a record high, mainly owing to export shipments. This fact reflects the increasing role of Black Sea countries in the world grain trade and global food supply.

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Who will buy old Ukrainian grain hoppers?


The Ministry of Infrastructure and Ukrzaliznytsia have promised the replacement of specialized rolling stock for grain transportation by railway for several years. Once again we hear declarations about replacement of old grain cars fleet until the end of 2016 by selling the part of the grain hoppers, which are in bad technical condition, to investors.

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Black Sea region. Growth of railway tariffs in 2016 and grain exports


In the second half of 2015/16 the countries of the Black Sea region will face the increase in costs for grain transportation by railway. All countries of the region, including Ukraine, Russia and Kazakhstan, have already announced an increase in railway rates from January 01, 2016. In all cases the purpose for tariff raising is covering the increased expenses of carriers, as well as the necessity to renovate and modernize fixed assets.

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Ukraine. Transportation declines and economic changes

The Ukrainian authorities have begun assessing damages caused by the loss of ports in the annexed Crimea and the transportation and logistics infrastructure destruction caused by hostilities in the east of Ukraine. According to the state-owned Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, it is impossible now to specify the financial losses inflicted by the above-mentioned events.

Having the operational results of the Ukrainian transportation sector for 2014, UkrAgroConsult made an attempt to independently assess the industry losses in physical terms against 2013. The analysis of the obtained figures shows that Ukraine’s economy is forcedly transforming.

Due to the loss of part of the territory and changes in the transportation patterns, freight and passenger traffic decreased some 10% and over 5%, respectively. The least freight traffic drop (2.5%) was seen in sea shipments. The stoppage of operation of the Crimean ports was offset by switching logistics routes to the ports of Berdyansk, Mykolaiv region, as well as Yuzhny and Odesa.

Ukraine. Transportation performance, 2014



Against 2013, %%

Freight turnover

335.151 Bl MT


Freight shipments

671.2 MMT


Passenger turnover

106.147 Bl passenger-km


Passenger carriage

5.899 Bl passengers


Cargo turnover of sea ports

144.886 MMT

- 2.5%

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority

The transportation sector decline indicates a slowdown in the country’s industrial production and a fall in its economic development. This is no surprise since a significant portion of Ukraine’s industrial production is located in the east. These plants are destroyed and non-operational now, or operating not in Ukraine’s favor. Part of agricultural production was situated there as well.

From the viewpoint of the Ukrainian economy’s transformation, the most significant changes are observed in the pattern of goods exports. So, the share of metals in Ukraine’s total export volume fell to 28% in 2014 against 34% in 2010, while the portion of agricultural produce expanded to 23% against 13% in 2010. 

Ukraine. Pattern of goods exports, 2010-2014

Source: State Statistics Service of Ukraine

Overall, Ukrainian exports of goods continue to be based on raw materials, but their pattern changes following global demand. It is no secret that the metal demand in the world market is sluggish now – this manifests itself in sinking prices. To be fair, we should note that agricultural commodities also tend to fall in price, but the considerable gain in their exports from Ukraine indicates steady demand for these goods.

Rail freight rates in Ukraine up one-third from February 1


According to an order of the Infrastructure Ministry of Ukraine, the cost of shipping goods by rail, except for coal, was raised by 30% from February 1, 2015. The order was published in the Uryadovy Kuryer newspaper on January 31, 2015 and came into force.

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Grain exports from Crimea: Is impossible possible?


Despite a number of restrictions imposed by both Ukraine and the world community due to the annexation of the Crimean Autonomous Republic by the Russian Federation, Crimea does supply its commodities, in particular grain, to the world market.  

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Ukraine. Port records of the 2013/14 grain season


Ukraine’s high export potential in view of a bumper crop in 2013/14 resulted in a few logistic records at once.  So, a record volume of grains was exported via the Ukrainian sea ports in 2013/14, and the throughput of the country’s ports and terminals was increased. In addition, Ukrainian exports of containerized grains hit a high in 2013/14. 

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Black Sea futures: Logistics, geopolitics, and prospects


The geopolitical changes in the Black Sea region cause the futures market to transform its operation. In particular, CME Group, which runs the mercantile exchanges in Chicago (CME) and New-York (Nymex), is mulling amendments to the Black Sea Wheat (BSW) futures contract.

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Ukrainian Azov sea ports handle grains actively


In 2014 Ukrainian sea ports of Azov basin (Berdyansk and Mariupol) are handling grains very active. According to data of State Enterprise Ukrainian Sea Ports authority, during January-April 2014 grain handling in the sea ports of Berdyansk and Mariupol shows significant growth as to compare with the same period of the last year.

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