River grain terminals in the Black Sea Region: Focusing on the future

20.10.2014

Grains from the Black Sea region is becoming more and more popular in the global market, and sometimes it even replace grains of other origins, previously the leading exporters of grain.

Rivers and land near the waterways are always the centers of cereal production and trading.

Recent changes in crop production structure as well as in the logistics chain ‘from the field to the seaport’ led to a new trend in grain generating for exports by rivers – by ‘river/sea’ type of vessels.

Global warming makes the grain traders to find alternative transport modes to reduce their marketing costs. Moreover, with agricultural production shifting to the northern regions, transportation by rivers becomes rather attractive compared to deliveries by railway and trucks. At present, under the conditions of constantly increasing tariffs on railway and trucks, the delivery of cargoes, including grains, by river looks to be the cheapest. According to our estimates, the share of grain river shipping increased up to 7% of total grain deliveries, and would tend to increase in the nearest 2-3 years. 

It should be noted that Black Sea countries continue actively developing the system of river terminals and silos and use it for grain handling.

The New Study provides you with up-to-dated analysis and forecasts on river ports development in the most important Black Sea countries (UKRAINE, RUSSIA, ROMANIA, BULGARIA, MOLDOVA) alongside by Dnieper, Dnestr, Volga, Don and Danube.

Contents of the study

RESUME
I.    INTRODUCTION

1.1.    Foreign demand for Black Sea grain
1.2.    Climate changes
1.3.    Transportation costs

II. UKRAINE

2.1. Grain production outlook, 2000-2012
2.2. Climate Conditions
2.3. Planted Acreage Structure. Competition with oilseeds and other ag crops
2.4. Predicted Climate Changes
2.5. Grain production outlook, 2013-2015
2.6. River Terminals in Ukraine

A)    Description of Terminals in Ukraine’s River Ports
B)    River Terminals

2.7. Price structure

III. RUSSIA

3.1. Grain production outlook, 2000-2012
3.2. Climate Conditions
3.3. Seeded Areas’ Structure.  Production by Crops. Competition with oilseeds
3.4. Predicted Climate Changes
3.5. Grain Production and Export Forecast for Russia, 2013-2015
3.6. River terminals in Russia
3.7. General characteristics of Russian river silos and terminals

А)   River silos and terminals, the Don River
C)    River silos and terminals on the Volga
D)    Volga-Don channel – the direct connection between the Caspian and Azov

IV. ROMANIA

4.1. Grain Production Outlook, 2000-2012
4.2. Climate Conditions
4.3. Predicted climate changes
4.4. Romania’s ports
4.5. River ports on Danube
4.6. Specialized terminals for grain storage in the ports of Danube River
4.7. Price structure    

V. BULGARIA

5.1. Grain production outlook, 2000-2012
5.2. Climate Conditions
5.3. Predicted climate changes
5.4. River ports in Bulgaria  
5.5. Price structure

VI. MOLDOVA

6.1. Grain production
6.2. Climate conditions
6.3. Predicted climate changes
6.4. Moldavian port

 

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