Black Sea countries. Belarus and Moldova: grain crops adversely impacted by drought


Belarus. Most of the country has been experiencing a precipitation deficit since the start of the growing season. As a result of this factor, the area of too dry soils expanded on May 21-31, reports UkrAgroConsult. Productive soil moisture supply valuable to spiked cereals, primarily winter ones, is low mostly in the south and the west of Belarus. The topsoil is actually fully dry in some areas. Drying of winter wheat plants is reported in some fields across Gomel region.

The topsoil moisture content is poor in most of the country, being at zero level in some areas.

Soil moisture supply will not improve substantially in the near future, as rainfalls are expected to occur just in spots.  In addition, increased air temperatures will still aggravate the drought’s impact on crops.

Moldova. Warmer-than-usual weather with a substantial precipitation deficit dominated the country on May 28-June 3.

The average weekly air temperature was 2.0-5ºС above normal, at +21..+23ºС. This occurs on average once in 3-7 years. Air temperatures peaked at +32ºС and bottomed out at +6ºС.

Only 20% of Moldova received precipitation during the week. Its rates totaled mostly 1-5 mm (5-30% of normal), locally 12-17 mm (75-105% of normal). The rest of the country saw no rain.

Increased air temperatures and precipitation shortages seen throughout the week made the growing conditions not very favorable for crop growth and development. In addition, these factors led to further drying of the topsoil.

Winter crops in most of Moldova were at the flowering stage this past week. They even proceeded to milk ripeness in some areas, mostly in the southern half of the country (two weeks ahead of usual time).

As of May 28, winter crops in 70% of the country had 5-25 mm of productive moisture in the 50-cm soil layer (10-60% of normal). Its amount equaled 30-60 mm (70-110% of normal) in the rest of Moldova. The one-meter soil layer contained 25-55 mm (30-65% of normal) in 65% of the country and 85-120 mm (90-110% of normal) in the rest of it.

More information on crop conditions and progress in planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.



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