CS Brazil produces record 35.63 mil mt of sugar in 2016-17: UNICA
Brazil's Center-South region produced a record 35.628 million mt of sugar in the 2016-17 season (April-March), up 14.1% from 31.22 million mt produced in 2015-16, industry association UNICA said Wednesday.
The previous record for the Center-South region, the largest sugarcane producer in the world, was 34.295 million mt produced in the 2013-14 season.
In the second half of March, sugar output was 270,100 mt, down 41.9% from 465,000 mt produced in the same period a year earlier.
The amount of sugarcane crushed in CS Brazil in the second half of March was 7.96 million mt, up 144% from 3.26 million mt crushed in the first half of March, but down 43.5% from 14.09 million mt crushed in H2 March 2016.
For the 2016-17 season, CS Brazil crushed 607.14 million mt of cane, down 1.7% from 617.71 million mt crushed in 2015-16.
Some mills started operations for the 2017-18 season in March, but since the season officially begins on April 1, any cane crushed in March was counted for the 2016-17 season.
UNICA said 83 mills were operating at the end of March, down from 90 that were expected to be open. In the first half of April, 181 mills should be processing cane, UNICA said.
The total recoverable sugar (ATR) in H2 March was 101.28 kg/mt of sugarcane, down 1.9% from 103.2 kg/mt in the second half of March 2016. The accumulated ATR was 133.03 kg/mt of cane in 2016-17, up 1.9% from 130.5 kg/mt in the previous season.
The percentage of cane used to produce sugar in the second half of March was 35.15%, compared with 33.52% last year. The remaining 64.85% was used to produce ethanol, down from 66.48% in the same period a year earlier.
Ethanol production in H2 March was 326.89 million liters, down 44% from 583 million liters produced a year earlier. Hydrous ethanol accounted for 245.49 million liters, or 75% of the total, while the balance -- 81.41 million liters -- was anhydrous.
Cumulative sugarcane directed to produce sugar in 2016-17 was 46.29%, up from 40.65% last season and the highest amount allocated for sugar production since 49.54% in 2012-13.
Ethanol output for the 2016-17 season was 25.651 billion liters, down 9.1% from 28.225 billion liters produced a year earlier. Hydrous ethanol production totaled 14.996 billion liters, or 58.5% of the total output, while anhydrous ethanol production was 10.656 billion liters, up 0.1% from 10.643 billion liters produced in 2015-16.
Most of the hydrous ethanol production is used as a biofuel in flex-fuel vehicles, while most of the anhydrous is used to mix with gasoline at a ratio of 27%, according to the country's mandate. Both products are also used in industry and exported.
Ethanol sales by Center-South mills totaled 2.04 billion liters in March, down 8.3% from 2.23 billion liters sold in the year-ago month but up 21.6% month on month.
CS Brazil sold 25.97 billion liters of ethanol in 2016-17, an 11.3% decrease from 29.28 billion liters sold in 2015-16. Of the 2016-17 sales, 14.89 billion liters were hydrous and the remaining 11.08 billion liters were anhydrous.
Domestic ethanol sales were 24.61 billion liters in 2016-17, or 94.8% of the total sales, down from 28.35 billion liters sold in 2015-16. The remaining 1.36 billion liters were exported, 29.7% lower than the 1.93 billion liters exported in the previous season.