India set for record harvest as monsoon retreat signals bumper crop

16.09.2016

The monsoon has started withdrawing after delivering near-normal rainfall across the country, setting the stage for a bumper harvest after two years of scanty rain that hit farm output and distressed villagers.

"This year the southwest monsoon has overall been good, with most states getting excess to normal rainfall and only few having deficit rains. It is good news for farmers. I am sure we will have record production this year," agriculture minister Radha Mohan said at a press conference on Thursday.
 

The season's total rainfall so far is 5 per cent below average, which is close to the normal range. The government has set a target of record grains production of 270.10 million tonnes in 2016-17 crop year to July.

The season's total rainfall so far is 5 per cent below average, which is close to the normal range. The government has set a target of record grains production of 270.10 million tonnes in 2016-17 crop year to July.

Two consecutive drought years had restricted output to 252-253 million tonnes in the previous two years, down from the 2013-14 production of 265.04 million tonnes. Pulses production, too, is expected to hit a record high this kharif season as the area under pulses cultivation has increased 29 per cent to 14.40 lakh hectare, the minister said.
 

The expected production of kharif pulses is around 8.22 million tonnes, out of which the share of arhar, uradbean and moongbe-an will be about 85 per cent.

"Planting of paddy continues in parts of Bihar and north east states. The planting of other crops from coarse cereals to oilseeds is also good and we are looking at a good crop," he said. The weather office said that northern India will be nearly dry soon, signalling further retreat of the monsoon, which has already withdrawn from parts of Rajasthan.

"In view of the changeover of the lower tropospheric circulation pattern from cyclonic to anticyclonic, reduction of humidity in the lower tropospheric levels and dry weather prevailing over west Rajasthan, the southwest monsoon has withdrawn from some parts of West Rajasthan," the weather office said in its report on Thursday. Central and western India and parts of eastern India are continuing to get good rainfall.

The retreat of the southwest monsoon coincides with the onset of the northeast monsoon (October-December) in south India. The normal date for withdrawal of the monsoon from west Rajasthan is September 1 and by mid-October, it retreats completely from the northern half of the peninsula. Rainfall in the country for the period from June 1 to September 14 was 5 per cent below average.

As of Wednesday, the monsoon delivered 766.1 mm of rain since the start of the season and 27 of the country's 36 subdivisions received normal to excess rainfall. India receives 70 per cent of its annual rains during the four-month southwest monsoon season, which normally lasts till the end of September. In 2015, the retreat of the monsoon started on September 4.




Economictimes.indiatimes.com
 

Readers choice: TOP-5 articles of the month by UkrAgroConsult