Philippines. Production of rice and corn on uptrend in first 3 months

18.05.2017

The country’s major staples, rice and corn, are expected to have more output in the coming months after the government recorded an increased in production in these commodities during the first three months of the year.

In a latest data released by Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), it was revealed that outputs for palay and corn may both go up within the first nine months of the year, which would be supported by higher planting intentions until September.

For palay, in particular, the forecast for April to June indicates higher production and harvest area by 11.13 percent and 11.86 percent, from their respective levels in 2016. Yield per hectare, however, may contract to 4.35 metric tons (MT) from 4.38 MT level in 2016.

Accordingly, palay production for January to June 2017 may rise to 8.55 million MT, 11.78 percent above the 7.65 million MT output in 2016, while harvest area may also increase from 1.93 million to 2.10 million hectares, or by 8.7 percent.

“Probable growths in production are expected due to increments in harvest areas resulting from availability of irrigation water/sufficient rainfall during planting period and availability of seeds from Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Offices (DA-RFOs) and local government units (LGUs),” PSA said.

Based on farmers’ planting intentions, the July to September 2017 forecasts on production and harvest area may exceed their 2016 levels by 5.99 percent and 6.61 percent, accordingly. The probable yield per hectare may slightly drop from 3.98 MT in 2016 to 3.96 MT in 2017 or by 0.08 percent.

During the first three months of the year, palay production grew to 4.42 million MT from the 2016 output of 3.93 million MT, an improvement of 12.38 percent.

Harvest area stretched to 1.15 million hectares from previous year’s record of 1.08 million hectares, while yield per hectare increased from 3.64 MT in 2016 to 3.85 MT in 2017 or by 5.80 percent.

For corn, the government is expecting production and harvest area to increase by 44.58 percent and 47.75 percent, from their respective levels in 2016. On the other hand, yield per hectare may decline by 2.14 percent from 3.36 MT level in 2016 to 3.29 MT.

These may be attributed to sufficient rainfall during planting period and availability of seeds from DA, PSA said.

The January to June production of corn may also escalate to 3.68 million MT, 30.25 percent above the 2.83 million MT output in 2016.

Harvest area, on the other hand, may expand from 0.90 million hectares to 1.10 million hectares, or by 21.77 percent, while yield per hectare may increase from 3.14 MT in 2016 to 3.36 MT in 2017, or by 6.97 percent.

Based on farmers’ planting intentions, the forecasts for July to September production and harvest area may even surpass their 2016 levels by 3.63 percent and 1.56 percent, respectively. Probable yield per hectare may rise to 2.81 MT from the 2016 level of 2.75 MT.

“Most farmers are optimistic on early occurrence of rainfall for the cropping season,” PSA said.

Corn output in January to March 2017 at 2.37 million MT was 23.44 percent higher than the 1.92 million MT record in 2016.

Harvest area rose to 696 thousand hectares or by 10.57 percent from the 2016 level of 629 thousand hectares, while yield per hectare improved from 3.05 MT to 3.40 MT.


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