Russia. Winter crops had enough soil moisture almost everywhere

06.11.2018

In October, warmer-than-usual weather dominated the European part of Russia, as well as in the Southern and North Caucasian federal districts. The average daily air temperature was 2–5°C above normal or near normal. During the warmest period (October 7–19), air temperature peaked at 14…17°C, even at 20…22°C in the south. Active growth of winter crops was seen at the time. The lowest air temperature was registered at 2…8°C; minor air and ground-surface frost events (down to -1°…-4°C) locally occurred.

Most areas saw rain on October 1-10 (15–30 mm over this period, locally up to 40–45 mm+ in the north). Winter crops had enough soil moisture almost everywhere. Their condition is mostly good, being fair in part of the fields. Soil moisture supply in winter crops only remained insufficient, locally poor, in some areas that had received low precipitation rates. Sprouts of winter crops are sparse in single fields.

Farmers were completing the harvest of late grains and sunflower and, in the south, the planting of winter grains for the 2019 harvest, reports UkrAgroConsult.

It became much cooler on October 26-31 (0…+3°C in the daytime, down to -3…-1°C in the north and east of the territory). Winter grains stopped growing. Some northern areas got covered with snow on October 28. Night air temperature dropped to -11…-9°C in some federal districts on October 31, and the topsoil freeze has begun. The lowest soil temperature at the 3-cm depth equaled -6…-2°C.

Russia. Harvesting progress, October 29, 2018

Crops

Planned area, Th ha

Harvested,   Th ha

%

Crop, KMT

Yield, MT/ha

2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017

Grains and pulses

44941

43807

45174

97.5

113402

135069 

2.59

2.99

Wheat

26539

26290 

27301 

99.1

73212

87819 

2.78

3.22

Barley

7954

7844 

7715 

98.6

17604

21527 

2.24

2.79

Corn

2415

1880

1719 

77.8

8999

8272 

4.79

4.81

Rice

181

163

167

90.2

1088

1086

6.66

6.51

 

Russia. Planting progress, October 29, 2018

Crop

Planting forecast, Th ha

Planted, Th ha

% of forecast

2018

2017

Winter crops

17190

17521

16632

102

More detailed information on the latest trends in grain exports, supply and demand balances with breakdown by crop, price behavior, crop conditions and progress in harvesting/planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.

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