Russia. Winter wheat crop may decrease 10%


On May 11-13, some freezing of the topsoil layer deteriorated sowing and sprouting conditions in parts of the Volga federal district and locally in the north of the Central district and the east of the North-Western district, reports UkrAgroConsult.

Winter cereals were at the stem elongation stage in most areas. In single southern fields, winter wheat began heading late in May, i.e. 1-2 weeks ahead of usual time. Early spring cereals were at the stages of emergence to leaf formation, depending on their sowing date. In the central black-earth regions, stem elongation started in early-seeded spring barley on May 21-31.

Warm, mostly dry weather dominated the Southern and North Caucasian federal districts in May. Sunflower and corn have emerged in the majority of fields, being at the leaf formation stage in early-seeded areas. In some areas across Rostov region, in the north of Krasnodar region and the east of Stavropol one, part of the fields were exposed to unfavorable conditions for sprouting and growth of late crops. The reason was precipitation shortages, low air humidity and high temperatures which caused some drying of the topsoil layer. Moisture supply was fair, locally even poor. 

Farming areas in the Ural federal district, Western Siberia and Krasnoyarsk region were dominated by cooler-than-usual weather in May. Precipitation of various intensities occurred in the form of rain, sleet and snow in Western Siberia and Krasnoyarsk region on May 1-20 and in the Ural federal district on May 1-10. In most of May, the conditions were extremely unfavorable for planting almost everywhere there. Fieldwork was sometimes interrupted by snow cover. It should be pointed out that the latest possible time for planting spring cereals in these areas is June 1-5. Winter crops lacked warmth for their growth and development; they even stopped growing on some days.

The Russian meteorological agency predicts adverse weather conditions, including drought in some parts of the country, to slash the country’s crop of winter cereals (wheat and rye) by 10% against last year’s one. A combined 64.4 MMT of these cereals was harvested in 2017.

More information on crop conditions and progress in planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.



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