Summer drought takes further toll on EU maize harvest


Hot, dry weather over the past two months has damaged European Union maize (corn) crops and this year's harvest is now expected to be almost as bad as in 2015 when production was also hit by drought.

Consultancy Strategie Grains plans to downgrade its grain maize harvest forecast in its monthly report next week due to poor crops in large producing countries such as France, Romania, Bulgaria and Poland, analyst Benoit Fayaud told Reuters.

Good harvests in other major EU maize producers such as Hungary, Italy, Austria and Slovakia would only help cushion the decline, he said.

The 28-member bloc harvested 57.4 million tonnes of maize last year, down from a record 75.7 million in 2014. In its previous report, Strategie Grains cut its output estimate to 60.6 million tonnes from 61.7 million.

The European Commission cut its maize production forecast last week to 62.5 million tonnes from 65.5 million.

"In France crops are not doing very well, mainly in the western part of the country, because of the dry weather over the past two months as well as difficult sowing conditions," Fayaud at Strategie Grains said. "It's a double punishment."

Prior to the recent hot weather, rains delayed maize sowings in the spring in France, the EU's top maize producer.

The trade consensus for this year's harvest in France is about 12.5 million tonnes, which would be the lowest since 2003, although some warn further dry weather forecast in the coming week could make the final result even worse.

"We could fall below 12 million tonnes if these dry conditions continue," one trader said.

France harvested 13.5 million tonnes of grain maize in 2015, farm ministry data showed.

Farm office FranceAgriMer has also been cutting its crop ratings over the past weeks. It rated only 60 percent of grain maize crops as good or excellent as of Aug. 29.

The maize growers union noted that many French crops have been turned into fodder maize because they were too damaged by drought to end the growth cycle, which would dent the final grain maize harvest further.

The grain maize harvest is due to kick off in about 10 days in France while fodder maize cuttings have already started.

In Romania, the harvest is in full swing with results varying widely from one region to another, grain expert Nicolae Sitaru of the APPR maize farmers association said.

"As the campaign is looking now ... we can reach last year's production, but one shouldn't forget that last year was a pretty bad year for maize," Sitaru said.

Romania's 2015 maize harvest fell 26 percent to 8.9 million tonnes at a meagre yield of 3.5 tonnes per hectare.

In Hungary, the maize crop is expected to rise to 7.99 million tonnes this year from 6.6 million tonnes harvest in 2015, official estimates showed on Monday.

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