Tajikistan begins building $4 billion mega-dam

31.10.2016

Ex-Soviet republic Tajikistan on Saturday marked the start of construction of a controversial $4 billion Rogun hydroelectric dam conceived in the Soviet era, the presidential press service said. The high-profile ceremony was held in Rogun some 100 kilometres from the capital Dushanbe and saw veteran President Emomali Rakhmon spend an hour-and-a-half behind the wheel of a bulldozer pushing soil to block the Vakhsh river.

According to his press service Rakhmon, 64, "poured gravel onto the bed of the (redirected) River Vakhsh, marking the beginning of construction of the Rogun hydroelectric plant vital for the people of Tajikistan." Speaking at the ceremony Rakhmon called the start of construction "the achievement of the year." He also promised states in the region worried about the project that Tajikistan would "never leave its neighbours without water." The dam, initially conceived by Moscow in the 1970s, has been severely criticised by Uzbekistan.

Saturday's ceremony came a day after most of Tajikistan was plunged into darkness for several hours following an accident at the Nurek hydropower plant that supplies the bulk of the country's electricity. In July, Tajikistan announced that Italian company Salini Impregilo had won a $3.9 billion contract to build the Rogun dam, which at 335 metres (1,099 feet) would be the world's tallest.

Downstream neighbour Uzbekistan strongly opposed the Rogun project under late president Islam Karimov, who feared its impact on Uzbek agriculture. Karimov's likely successor Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who became interim president after the autocrat's funeral in September, also publicly criticised the project earlier this year. In addition to helping the country achieve energy independence - planned shutoffs affect many parts of the country during the winter - Tajikistan believes Rogun will transform the country into a regional hub for electricity exports.


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