Ukraine. 99.4% of winter grain plantings have sprouted


Precipitation in the form of rain, snowy rain and snow was observed in the country almost every day between December 11-20, except for the last two days. Along with moderately warm weather, it considerably replenished moisture content in the topsoil layer. The majority of regions received on average 160 to 230% of normal precipitation (24-45 mm) over the ten days. Precipitation rates in Luhansk, Kherson, Odesa, Khmelnytsky, Ternopil and Volyn regions were close to normal (16-17 mm). They totaled at most 33-50% of normal (4-10 mm) in Zaporizhia, Donetsk, Chernivtsi and Khmelnytsky regions.

In view of the present height of snow cover, melted soil and mild frost in the daytime, plants can grow slowly, i.e. perspire, though their perspiration is of low intensity. This process causes them to consume reserve nutrients, which are not replenished without light. Such risks concern mostly early-sown crops. However, another rise in air temperature and consequent snow melting may bring about waterlogging, which, once frost returns, will result in the formation of ice crust.

The minimum soil temperature at the tillering node depth of winter crops ranges from -30С to +30С that is far above the killing temperature level.

In general, the condition of winter crops is assessed as good.



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