Ukraine. Cold spell may cause a delay in development of spring cereals

24.04.2017

This past week saw poor weather conditions with a substantial swing in average daily air temperatures all over the country. Precipitation in the form of rain occurred in the southern, eastern and central regions.

The Cereal Crops Institute reported that 48 mm of sleet fell between April 18-20. In the opinion of scientists, this amount of precipitation will considerably improve moisture supply in the 50-cm soil layer. 15-20 cm of snow covered the fields, temperature on the ground surface dropped to -30C - +20C. This spring’s cold-spell coincided with the beginning of stem elongation in winter wheat, when the tissues that give rise to the wheat head were still under a layer of unfrozen soil. This spring’s cold-spell coincided with the beginning of stem elongation in winter wheat, when the tissues that give rise to the wheat head were still under a layer of unfrozen soil. Therefore, following the temporary pause, winter crops will continue growing, hopefully with almost no losses, UkrAgroConsult notes. The snow in the fields also protects crops against damage.

In South Ukraine, spring cereals sown in late March have 3-4 leaves per plant and are 8-11-cm tall. In this condition they can survive exposure to temperatures of down to -40С for 2-4 days. The edges of leaves may die back, but they are capable of rapid regeneration. The cold-spell will result in a 5-7-day delay in the normal plant development progress.

More information on crop conditions and progress of planting campaign in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain & Oil" by UkrAgroConsult.

 

UkrAgroConsult

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