Ukraine experiencing shortage of moisture for winter crops and sprouting of spring crops


Following hot weather, air temperatures in Ukraine dropped to a level several degrees below normal after May 10. In addition, rainfalls of various intensities occurred all over the country.

In most areas, productive topsoil moisture supply available to winter crops was insufficient (11-20 mm) and poor (2-10 mm). The topsoil was absolutely dry in single areas across Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv regions. Productive topsoil moisture content remained at an optimal level (21-30 mm and higher) in Zakarpattya, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Sumy regions and some parts of Rivne, Volyn, Chernihiv, Kyiv regions. Productive soil moisture content in the one-meter layer was insufficient (51-80 mm) and poor (less than 50 mm) in most parts of the southern, Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv regions and in some areas across Cherkasy and Kirovohrad regions. In the western regions and some parts of the central and northern ones, productive moisture supply in the soil remained at an optimal level of 125-160 mm and higher.

The agrometeorological conditions after May 10 were mostly unfavorable for sprouting of late crops due to high daytime air and soil temperatures. Another adverse factor was soil crust still persisting in single areas across the western and northern regions, reports UkrAgroConsult.

Overall, as of May 17-18, Ukrainian winter crops were largely at the stage of lower stem node formation and stem growth. They started heading in most southern areas and occasionally in the central regions, locally being even at the flowering stage (2-3 weeks ahead of the average). Crop condition is good and fair. Because of moisture shortages, premature yellowing of lower-tier leaves and drooping of plants occurred in spots across the southern, central and eastern regions.

More information on crop conditions and progress in planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.



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