Ukraine. Growth of winter rape slowed down due to a fall in temperature


The beginning of October featured cool weather with average air temperatures 1-6°С below normal all over the country. Air temperatures peaked at 12-19°С on the warmest days and bottomed out at 0°С… -4°С on cool nights. The first large-scale frost was reported on the ground surface, at a 2-cm height and in the air.

Following a previous long period of dry weather, intensive rainfalls occurred in the south and east in early October. They considerably increased soil moisture content and improved autumn sowing conditions. The average precipitation rate in most of West Ukraine and in Vinnytsia, Odesa, Kirovohrad, Mykolaiv and Zaporizhia regions equaled 158 to 550% of its ten-day normal value (17 to 77 mm). In Volyn, Zhytomyr, Cherkasy, Kherson and Dnipropetrovsk regions the ten-day amount of precipitation was close to normal (13-24 mm). The rest of Ukraine received at most 1-6 mm or no precipitation at all, reports UkrAgroConsult.

The maximum daily precipitation rate reached 21-58 mm (one to four times the ten-day normal amount) in many parts of Vinnytsia, Khmelnytsky, Ternopil, Ivano-Frankivsk regions and some areas across Lviv, Rivne, Chernivtsi, Odesa, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk and Sumy regions.

Early-sown rape has 4-6 leaves per plant. However, the seedlings are uneven in fields with insufficient moisture supply: part of the seeds only germinated after early-October’s rainfalls. Plant growth slowed down at the beginning of October because of the cool weather. Therefore the plants may fall short of time to complete their development by the end of the autumn growing season.

More information on crop conditions and progress of planting campaign in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain & Oil" by UkrAgroConsult.



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