Ukraine. Insufficient soil moisture for winter grains


On October 11-19, most of the country was dominated by typical weather for this time: unstable, with significant air temperature fluctuation, extraordinarily warm and dry.

The average daily air temperature varied from +9.5 to +16.3⁰С, i.e. it was 5.4-7.0°С above normal. However, a wide swing between maximum and minimum air temperatures was observed in this period. No precipitation occurred at the time.

As a result of dry, sunny and warm weather, soil moisture available to winter crops decreased in most regions, reports UkrAgroConsult. As of October 10, the estimated content of productive moisture in the 0-20-cm layer in winter crops was insufficient, locally poor. The topsoil was absolutely dry in some fields in Kherson and Odesa regions.

The conditions were generally favorable for emergence, development and establishment of winter crops. Only in single areas across Kharkiv, Luhansk, Donetsk, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Kherson regions the topsoil moisture content became insufficient for seed germination and further plant growth.

Winter rape plants continued to develop leaf rosettes, while late-sown ones in the south were at the emergence stage. Rape crops were sparse in some southern areas due to drought. Plant condition is good and fair.

More detailed information on the latest trends in grain exports, supply and demand balances with breakdown by crop, price behavior, crop conditions and progress in harvesting/planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.

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