Ukraine. Short soil moisture supply suspended planting of winter grains


Cool, windy and rainy weather has persisted over the past week. The average daily air temperature equaled 7.1-14.20С, or 1.0-1.50С above climate normal. It was 40С below climate normal towards the weekend. The highest air temperature reached 19.6-310С and the lowest one was registered at 0.3-11.00С in cold nights. Short-term air frost events of 00С to -0.30С occurred in Zhytomyr region and down to -0.60С in Lviv region. Fog was observed during the evening and morning hours, reducing visibility to 200 m, reports UkrAgroConsult.

Downpours fell on most days between September 20-30, totaling 140-230% of normal for the ten days. This precipitation replenished topsoil productive moisture. In most parts of Kharkiv region, the topsoil (0-20 cm) contained 22-26 mm of productive moisture – this is within the long-term average.

In the north of Ukraine, depending on the region, precipitation amounted to 20-29 mm against normal 18 mm. Productive moisture content was at 20-25 mm in the topsoil and 120-140 mm in the 0-100 cm layer.

In Kherson region, productive moisture in the fields intended for planting winter wheat and winter barley remains poor both in the seed and plow layers, totaling at most 2-10 mm. These weather developments somewhat suspended planting of winter grains. The optimum period for sowing winter wheat and triticale is already expiring.

Winter grains planted on September 21-30 are at the stages of emergence and two leaves. Their condition is rated good.

Winter rape plants are mostly in good condition. They continue developing leaves on the main stalk.

More detailed information on the latest trends in grain exports, supply and demand balances with breakdown by crop, price behavior, crop conditions and progress in harvesting/planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.

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