Ukraine. Weather hindered the completion of harvesting early grains


The agro-meteorological conditions this past week were unfavorable for further growth of late crops and harvesting winter and early spring crops. In areas where heavy downpours occurred, sometimes with hail and squalls, relative air humidity as well as air temperatures remained above normal in July, reports UkrAgroConsult.

Thus, late July and early August featured variable weather because of an active cyclone and an atmospheric frontal zone. As a result, thundershowers of various intensity fell all over the country. In addition, heavy downpours, squalls and even hail locally occurred. The average daily air temperature was 1.7-5.1°С above normal, at 18.1-25.9°С. On July 21-31, precipitation in most regions amounted to 135-250% of normal rates (26-65 mm).

The conditions were unfavorable for farmers to complete harvesting; sometimes it was impossible at all. The most unfavorable conditions were seen in the western and northern regions, where significant acreage of grains had not been harvested by the arrival of rains. In late July, excessive topsoil moisture persisted and aggravated. As a result, germination of grains in the ear began in early cereal crops lodged for long time due to previous showers. This downgraded the grain and deteriorated its quality. In addition, grain shedding was reported.

Sunflower. Productive moisture supply in the topsoil in most sunflower plantings was fair (11-20 mm) and sufficient (21-30 mm and higher). Some areas in Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kherson and Zaporizhia regions had poor moisture content in the topsoil (2-4 mm). At the same time, 1-100 cm productive soil moisture in most parts of the southern, eastern regions and some parts of the north-eastern regions was insufficient (51-74 mm) and poor (4-49 mm). In most fields across Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Chernihiv, Sumy and central regions, it reached optimal values (81-120 mm), locally even being excessive (121-200 mm).

More information on crop conditions and progress in harvesting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.



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