Ukraine. Winter rapeseed fertilization is 50% complete
Warm weather without precipitation persisted almost all over the country from March 1-10. Insignificant precipitation (1-8 mm) only occurred in the northern regions. Daily air temperatures averaged +4.5-11.70C, or 3.5-9.50C above normal.
On the warmest days, air temperature peaked at 11.0-17.50C and the soil surface warmed up to +17-250C. The lowest air temperature values were registered at 0-20C. Frost occurrences of 00C to 30C below zero were reported on the soil surface and at 2 cm above it. The wind blew in variable directions with its maximum speed at 10-14 m/c.
High air temperatures and moderately strong winds caused drying of the topsoil, reports UkrAgroConsult. At the same time, high productive soil moisture reserves remain in the western and northern regions. As of March 7, they totaled 38.3-60.3 mm in the topsoil (0-20 cm) and 178.3-299.1 mm in the one-meter soil horizon. The respective values in the southern and central regions are somewhat lower at 21.4-32.0 mm and 108-160 mm. Soil moisture is concentrated mostly in the top 50-cm horizon there. If no precipitation occur in March, the spring growing conditions may get tougher for winter crops. The temperature rise over the past week allowed farmers to intensify spring field work.
According to the Ag Ministry, growers had fertilized 429.4 Th ha (49%) of winter rapeseed by March 10 against 378 Th ha (64%) as of this date last year.
Winter rapeseed had been sown at 899.2 Th ha. By March, 09 2017 plants had emerged at 876.4 Th ha Th ha (97.5%). 40.5% are in good condition, winterkilled – 0.2%.
More information on crop conditions in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain & Oil" by UkrAgroConsult.
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