Weather conditions caused a delay in corn crop growth in some regions of Ukraine


Variable weather was observed in Ukraine on July 8-12. Because of sharp fluctuation, the average air temperature for the ten days appeared close to normal in most of Ukraine. Uneven precipitation occurred all over the country. Soil drought continued in areas that received little precipitation (in particular, in most parts of Kyiv, Poltava, Cherkasy regions). The weather conditions in the western regions were generally favorable for yield formation. However, the soil in some fields across Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk and Zakarpattia regions contained too much productive moisture as for the period of grain ripening (drying) in winter cereals and early spring crops. This may result in local crop lodging in the future. Nighttime drops in air and ground-surface temperatures slowed down growth of corn plants in the western, northern and north-western regions.

In Dnipropetrovsk region, the reproductive development period (flowering, silking) continues in corn plants of ultra-early and optimum planting dates. Late-sown plants are at the tasseling stage and their height averages 182-208 cm. In Kyiv region, corn is mostly in fair condition and its plant height is 93-210 cm. Sharp temperature swings along with insufficient precipitation have an adverse impact on this crop’s development. The drop in average daily temperatures ahead of July 10 led to a delay in growth processes. The stage-by-stage development of corn plants lags to some extent (up to 6 days) behind the long-term average progress.

In Kherson region, soil moisture shortages accelerated ripening of spring barley, therefore farmers all over the region are harvesting it on a large scale. Buckwheat is in fair condition at the development stages of flowering to fruit formation, while millet is in good and fair condition at the stages of flowering to grain formation.



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